Dating vintage prints
The first overlock machine (serger) was patented by the Merrow Machine Company in 1889.
Some still call all overlock stitches “merrow,” but only a 2- and 3-thread overlock is actually a merrow stitch.
Cartridge pleating of the skirt at its waist is seen from the 1840s-1860s, fading out by the 1870s.
Tiny piped armhole seams date a garment to the 1870s or before and were rare after that. Three-quarter and seven-eighth length sleeves were popular from the late 1930s through the 1950s. Armholes were cut high and fitted in the 1950s and the 1970s.
LOOK FOR THE LABEL Look for labels in the side seams and hems of older garments. The Coat and Suit Industry National Recovery Board was a trade organization meant to ensure that garments were made in accordance with Fair Labor Standards. The Fur Products labeling act of 1952 required an accurate description of fur (e.g.
Country-of-origin labels came about in the US following the Mc Kinley Act of 1891. The NRA Blue Eagle label, denoting compliance with Manufacturing Codes, was used in the U. what had been called Hudson Seal now had to be identified as sheared muskrat).
Loops for hanging found inside the neckline of vintage jackets and blouses are usually of European manufacture.
Dacron (trademarked by Du Pont) refers to several types of polyester yarn. Qiana, developed by Du Pont, and commercially available since 1968, is a filament nylon used for woven and knitted fabrics. as elastane) was developed by Du Pont in 1958 and mixed with various fibers for use in lingerie since 1960, and in a wide range of clothing items since the 1980s. DATING VINTAGE SHOES Vintage shoes from before the 1970s use AAAA-DDD width sizing, rather than M (medium), N (narrow), and W (wide). Shoes made from 1800-1860 only have right or left sole shapes if they were custom made to fit a client’s foot. Remember “croc has a dot, alligator not” when identifying skins. Sandals entered the shoe wardrobe in mid-1930s, first in Europe, then the U. After the sandal came open-toe and sling-back shoes, in the late 1930s – never before.
Men’s suits lost their vest and became two-piece in the U. MATERIAL WORLD – about fabrics 18th century silk brocade with white ground usually indicates English manufacture while yellow ground usually indicates French manufacture.