The Kingdom of Rwanda dominated from the mid-eighteenth century, with the Tutsi kings conquering others militarily, centralising power and later enacting anti-Hutu policies.
The sovereign state of Rwanda has a presidential system of government.
The president is Paul Kagame of the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), who took office in 2000.
A 1973 military coup saw a change of leadership, but pro-Hutu policy remained.
The Tutsi-led Rwandan Patriotic Front launched a civil war in 1990.The climate is temperate to subtropical, with two rainy seasons and two dry seasons each year.